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Its primary function is to detect kennenlernen türkce report various indicators of drive reliability with the intent kennenlernen türkce anticipating imminent hardware failures. Hard disk failures and Flash drive failures, but kennenlernen türkce exactly in the same way fall into one of two basic failure classes:. These may include increased heat output, increased noise level, problems with reading and writing of data, or an increase in the number of damaged disk sectors.
PCTechGuide's page on S. In its original incarnation S. A subsequent version of the standard improved failure prediction by adding an automatic off-line read scan to monitor additional operations.
Also, while earlier versions kennenlernen türkce the technology only monitored hard drive kennenlernen türkce for data that was retrieved by the operating system, this latest S. Kennenlernen türkce field study at Google  covering overconsumer-grade drives from December to August found correlations between certain S.
It was measuring several key device health parameters and evaluating them within the drive firmware. Communications between the physical unit and the monitoring software were limited to kennenlernen türkce binary result: Later, another variant, which was named IntelliSafe, was created by computer manufacturer Compaq and disk drive manufacturers SeagateQuantumand Conner.
Each disk drive vendor was free to decide which parameters were to be included for monitoring, and what their thresholds should be. The unification was at the protocol level with the host. The Committee chose IntelliSafe's approach, as it provided more flexibility. Compaq placed IntelliSafe into the public kennenlernen türkce on 12 Kennenlernen türkce spanische leute kennenlernen That SFF standard described a communication protocol kennenlernen türkce raum ulm Kennenlernen türkce host to use and control monitoring and analysis in a hard disk drive, but did not specify any particular metrics or analysis methods.
The technical click the following article for S. First introduced in it has undergone regular revisions,  the kennenlernen türkce being in The most basic information that S. It provides only two values: Often these are represented kennenlernen türkce "drive OK" kennenlernen türkce "drive fail" respectively. A "threshold exceeded" value is intended to indicate that there is a relatively high probability that the drive will not be able to honor its specification in the future: The predicted failure may be catastrophic or may be something as subtle as the inability to write to certain sectors, or perhaps slower performance than the manufacturer's declared minimum.
If a drive has already failed catastrophically, the S. Alternatively, if a drive has experienced problems in the past, but the sensors no longer detect such problems, the S. The inability to read some sectors is not always an indication that a drive is about to fail.
One way that unreadable sectors may be created, even when kennenlernen türkce drive is functioning within specification, is through a sudden power failure while the drive is writing. Also, even if the physical disk is damaged at one location, such that a certain sector is unreadable, the disk kennenlernen türkce be able to use spare space to replace the bad area, kennenlernen türkce that the sector can be overwritten.
More detail on the health of the drive may be obtained by examining the S. Kennenlernen türkce were included in some drafts of the ATA standard, but were removed before the see more became final. The meaning and interpretation of the attributes varies between manufacturers, and are sometimes considered a trade secret for one manufacturer or another.
Attributes are further discussed below. The error log records information about the most recent errors that the drive has reported back to the kennenlernen türkce computer. A drive that implements S. Kennenlernen türkce self-test routines may be kennenlernen türkce to detect any unreadable sectors singletrails karlsruhe the disk, thailand kennenlernen that they may be restored from back-up sources for example, from other disks in a RAID.
This helps to reduce the risk of incurring permanent loss of data. Many motherboards display a warning message when a disk kennenlernen türkce is approaching failure. Although an industry kennenlernen türkce click among most major hard drive manufacturers,  issues remain due to attributes intentionally left undocumented to kennenlernen türkce public in order to differentiate models between manufacturers.
From a legal perspective, the term "S. Because of this the specifications of S. Depending on the type of interface being used, some S. Even with a hard drive and interface that implements the specification, the computer's operating system may not see the S. On the Windows platform, learn more here programs designed to monitor and report S.
For a list of various programs that allow reading of S. Kennenlernen türkce, see Comparison of Kennenlernen türkce. Each drive manufacturer defines a set of attributes,   and kennenlernen türkce threshold values beyond which attributes should kennenlernen türkce pass under normal operation.
Each kennenlernen türkce has a raw valuekennenlernen kirchenraum meaning is entirely up to the drive manufacturer but often corresponds to counts or a physical unit, such as degrees Kennenlernen türkce or secondsa normalized valuewhich ranges from 1 to with 1 representing the worst case and representing the best and a worst valuewhich represents the lowest recorded normalized value.
The initial default value of senioren partnervermittlungen is but can vary between manufacturer.
Manufacturers that have implemented at least one S. The following kennenlernen türkce lists some S. For example, kennenlernen türkce "Reallocated Sectors Count" attribute's normalized value decreases as the count of reallocated sectors increases.
In this case, the attribute's raw value will kennenlernen türkce indicate the actual count of sectors that were reallocated, although vendors are in no way required to adhere to this convention.
As manufacturers do not necessarily agree on precise attribute definitions and measurement units, the following list of attributes is a general guide only. Drives do not support all attribute codes sometimes abbreviated as "ID", for "identifier", in tables. Some codes are specific to particular kennenlernen türkce types magnetic platter, flash, SSD. Drives may use different codes for the same parameter, e.
Kennenlernen türkce value is set to one on test failure or 11 if the capacitor has been tested in an excessive temperature condition, otherwise Some kennenlernen türkce drives and "green power" desktop drives are programmed to unload the heads whenever there has not been any activity kennenlernen türkce a short period, to save power.
However, some drives will not immediately remap such sectors when written; instead the drive will first attempt to write to the problem sector and if the write operation is successful then the sector will be marked good in this case, the "Reallocation Event Count" 0xC4 kennenlernen türkce not be increased.
This is a serious shortcoming, for if such a drive kennenlernen türkce marginal sectors that consistently fail only after some time has passed following a successful write operation, kennenlernen türkce the drive will never remap these problem kennenlernen türkce. In solid-state drives, indicates whether usage trajectory is outpacing the expected life curve .
Threshold Exceeds Condition TEC is an estimated date when a critical drive statistic attribute will reach its threshold value. When Drive Health software reports a "Nearest T. Sometimes, no date is given and the kennenlernen türkce can be expected to work without errors.
To predict the date, the kennenlernen türkce tracks the kennenlernen türkce at which the attribute changes. The drive's self-test log can contain up to 21 read-only entries. When the log is filled, old entries are removed. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the computer kennenlernen türkce monitoring system. For the mnemonic used in other contexts, see Smart. The emergence of reliability prediction technology.
Archived from the original PDF on kennenlernen türkce June Retrieved 12 July Ultimately, more info disc drive design determines which attributes the manufacturer will choose. Attributes are therefore considered proprietary, since they kennenlernen türkce on drive design.
We find that the group of drives with scan errors kennenlernen türkce ten times more likely to fail than the group with no errors.
This effect is also noticed when we further break down the groups by disk model. From Figure 8 we see a drastic and quick decrease in survival probability after the first scan kennenlernen türkce left graph. Reallocated Sectors Count Knowledge Base". Kennenlernen türkce was a direct link between Reallocated Sectors Count and how quickly the drive would kennenlernen türkce [ Spin Retry Count Knowledge Base".
Retrieved 1 April Erase Fail Count chip ". Archived from the kennenlernen freundinnen PDF on Retrieved 3 August kennenlernen türkce Retrieved more info January Disk Health Calculation Knowledge Kennenlernen türkce. Retrieved 8 September Retrieved 20 July This timeout controls how often the drive parks its heads and enters a kennenlernen türkce power consumption state.
The factory default is eight 8 seconds, which is a very poor choice for use with Linux. Retrieved 3 April Retrieved from " https: Kennenlernen türkce Read Edit View history.
Stores data related to the rate of hardware read errors that occurred when reading data from a disk surface. The raw value has different structure for different vendors and is often kennenlernen türkce meaningful as a decimal number.